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プーチン神話・後編「次世代オリガーキーの明日」

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 ||| プーチン神話・次世代オリガーキーの明日 |||
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新生ロシア奇跡の復興ロシアンルネッサンスを果したプーチンの明日
イェリツィン時代と異なる次世代オリガーキーは繁栄を継続できるか


By オーウェン・マシューズ | ニューズウィーク・モスクワ支局 | 『米流時評』ysbee 訳
プーチン神話・前編「総選挙圧勝とロシア隆盛の秘密」からの続き
止まるところを知らないプーチンの人気は、とどのつまり、無尽蔵に湧き出るかのような豊かな歳入の賜物である。この国家財源のお陰で、プーチンは予算調整や増税といったようなありきたりの手段に出なくても、経済政策を潤沢に実施し、権力の座に安住し続けることができた。

上:プーチン支持の若者団体Nashi プーチンのネオナショナリズムはロシアの新しい世代にも誇りを植え付けた
下:モスクワの広場に面した一等地にお目見えしたプーチン率いるロシア統一党の巨大看板 市内随所で同様の展開
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Myth of Putin – Part 2
Putin has killed off Russian democracy, sown dragon's teeth for the future
By Owen Matthew | Newsweek — Web Exclusive | Translation by ysbee
Continued from the previous issue — MOSCOW |Putin's popularity is, at base, simply shorn up by an endless stream of free revenue, which gives him the luxury of not having to bother with such mundane concerns as balancing budgets, raising taxation and optimizing economic performance to stay in power.


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DECEMBER 4, 2007 | 米 流 時 評 | ブログ雑誌『 楽園通信』デイリー版f0127501_6213945.jpg
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N E W S W E E K | M O S C O W

プーチン神話・後編「プーチン王朝次世代オリガーキーの明日」
米国時間 2007年12月4日 | By オーウェン・マシューズ/ニューズウィーク | 『米流時評』ysbee 訳


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1. New wealth of Russian economy
Many of the Kremlin's macroeconomic policies, such as putting aside oil money into a "stabilization fund," have been sensible enough. And Putin is certainly nowhere near as crazed as the world's other petro-demagogues, like Venezuela's Hugo Chávez and Iran's Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (though he is friendly with both). Yet the difference is one of style; in substance Putin, like the others, owes his swagger to one of the great redistributions of wealth of our times, as the industrialized world pours its dollars into the coffers of those countries lucky enough to have mineral and energy resources under their soil.
ロシア新経済の膨大な富の蓄積
翻訳中
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経済さえうまく回れば昔日の怨念も忘却の彼方か プーチンによる虐殺のあったチェッチェンですら与党が大量得票

2. Killing off democracy is a Putin's mistake
Putin's killing off of Russian democracy is worse than a crime—it's a mistake. The president has missed a historic opportunity to create a truly stable Russia. Instead of using Russia's rising prosperity to encourage a functional civil society, a responsible media and truly public-spirited political parties, Putin has done the opposite.
民主主義蹂躙はプーチンの重大な過失
翻訳中
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3. Rubber-stamp government
He has cracked down on critical media outlets and he jailed Russia's richest man, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, after he dared to challenge Putin's political power by funding political parties. He also reduced parliament's powers to little more than those of its Communist-era rubber-stamp predecessor. As Putin's recently appointed prime minister, Viktor Zubkov, observed, "the Duma is no place for discussions."
プーチンの独裁体制と傀儡閣僚
翻訳中
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4. 'In transition stability is everything'
One former top Kremlin official, who spent years in Putin's inner circle, told me last week that the suspension of democracy was all temporary. In time, he said, Russians would be empowered by their newfound freedoms—to travel, to watch and read what they like, to make money and spend it—to demand more rights from their rulers. For the time being, though, "stability is everything—we cannot make any progress without stability, so we are willing to sacrifice democracy for its sake."
民主主義よりも安定した経済成長を選択
翻訳中
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5. Financial empires controlled by inner circle
Yet behind the high-minded talk of having to "manage" democracy for the sake of stability lies a very different, and baser, motivation: Putin and his cronies have eliminated democracy to keep themselves in power, and in business, indefinitely. Vast financial empires are controlled by the individuals in Putin's inner circle.
民営大企業も身内で固める寡占体制
翻訳中
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6. New generation of Putin-era oligarchs
In the Yeltsin days top businessmen known as oligarchs used their connections to the Kremlin to get rich. Now the new generation of Putin-era oligarchs are themselves Kremlin bureaucrats, who have used the power of the state to bring private business under their control. Elections, and the uncertainty they bring, threaten those lucrative businesses. Similarly, a free press is a threat to corrupt bureaucracies everywhere, so it must be stamped out.
プーチン時代の次世代オリガーキー
翻訳中
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7. Powerful reminisce of the old East Germany
Clearly, the Kremlin's managed elections aren't designed to be an instrument whereby the voters can actually remove the incumbent government. Nor are voters actually offered a choice of credible alternatives for whom they wish to rule them. Rather, the system Putin has created is powerfully reminiscent of the old East Germany, where the Russian leader spent the formative years of his career spying on colleagues at the Soviet consulate-general in Dresden—and where communist-approved political "parties" would fight fake elections that posed no danger to the status quo.
旧東ドイツを彷彿とさせる社会統制
翻訳中
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8. Putin sown dragon's teeth for the future
One day, maybe not soon, commodity prices will fall. In destroying the mechanisms of Russian democracy, instead of nurturing them, Putin has sown dragon's teeth for the future. One-party systems are inherently unstable; so are economies dependent on a narrow basket of commodities for their stability. Moreover, Putin has played on ugly nationalism to boost his already sky-high popularity.
一党独裁の危険な傾向
翻訳中
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9. When Russia's economy starts to crash...
He has created creepy, loyalist youth groups to act as shock troops against the enemy of the moment—whether it's Kasparov or troublesome neighbors like the Estonians or the Georgians—whose xenophobic credos could metamorphose into something far darker and more dangerous if Russia's economy starts to crash. Putin killed democracy and has created in its place a secretive oligarchy, one that will doubtless split and squabble as soon as the economic pie starts to shrink—with disastrous consequences for the country's stability.
ロシア経済が破綻するとき
翻訳中
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»» 次号 緊急時評「NEIレポートショック!諜報白書で暴かれたブッシュの大嘘」へ
【米国時間 2007年12月4日『米流時評』ysbee 訳】

d0123476_14342238.gif記事リンク http://beiryu2.exblog.jp/6684315
TBリンク http://beiryu2.exblog.jp/tb/6684315

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いつもご愛読いただきまして大変ありがとうございます。ランキングのクリックがブログの活力です、よろしく!

f0127501_12134737.gifブログ村の国際政治部門で1位をキープ。みなさまのおかげです!
f0127501_10375846.gif政治経済ニュースで3位に入りました!
d0123476_10141436.gifニュース部門でトップです。みなさまのクリックに感謝します!
d0123476_319955.gif社会経済ニュースでただ今18位。がんばらなくては!
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次世代冷戦時代  | グローバルウォー | イラク戦争 | 中東のパワーラビリンス | テロとスパイ陰謀
ユーラシアの回廊 | プーチンのロシア | ブッシュと米国政治 | サルコジのフランス | EUとNATO
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by ysbee-2 | 2007-12-04 13:25 | プーチンのロシア
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世界の動きがよくわかる!激動する国際情勢を、欧米メディアでディープに読む…世界の「今」と真実探求に関心ある知的冒険者へ送るグローバル情報満載ブログ


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